EDUR 9131
Doctoral Research Methods
Spring 2011
Instructor/Facilitator: Bryan W. Griffin
My personal web pages can be found at http://coe.georgiasouthern.edu/foundations/bwgriffin/
Announcements:
Course Index (check frequently for alterations)
A. Course Administration
B. Activities that count toward course grade
Andy Field, of the University of Sussex, has students complete a similar project. His instructions provide useful insight into the steps one must take to develop a questionnaire. I recommend you review his project instructions to see steps that must be taken to develop an instrument:
Design a Questionnaire
C. Activities that do not count toward course grade
D. Course Notes
Review of basics (taken from EDUR 7130, Introduction to Educational Research); only a few of these will be highlighted in the chat session
Read: For review of basics of research, see de Vaus text chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 13 (section on levels of measurement), 14 (section on graphs), and 15 (sections on ttest and correlation)
For the de Vaus text, read chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 13 (section on levels of measurement), 14 (section on graphs), and 15 (sections on ttest and correlation) to cover the material listed above.
E. SPSS Tutorials (obtained from various online sources: Dr. McKnight at U. Oklahoma, Dr. Elvers at U. of Dayton, GuangHwa Change at Youngstown State U.)
F. PDF File Creation
Since groups will be required to submit this project, I will only accept PDF attachments from one individual in each group. See detailed instructions on this in the Research Project link above. If you do not know how to create a PDF file, use one of the following sources:
Here are a few free web page that convert files to PDF over the internet:
I use the following free software to create my PDF files (it leaves no watermark): http://www.primopdf.com/
I also use OpenOffice to create some free PDF files. Open Office is a free Office Suite similar to Microsoft Office (Open Office leaves no watermark): http://www.openoffice.org/
If you want further tips and links for converting to free PDFs, read this site http://www.pruittfamily.com/paul/freepdf.htm or this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_PDF_software .
G. Reporting Statistical Outcomes
APA style for ttest, correlation, regression, ANOVA, chisquare: Reporting Statistics (Word document with sample APA styled tables and written presentations).
Add factor analysis.
Note: The material indented with grey background are comments for instructor about content to review for possible incorporation into course. Students should ignore this information.
Assessing reliability and validity of single item measures:
Validity Standards: Validity evidence (Standards Validity Evidence), and these standards (note also steps for questionnaire development): http://nces.ed.gov/StatProg/2002/std2_6.asp
National standards on validity discussion, useful table: http://www.bwgriffin.com/gsu/courses/edur9131/content/validity_new_standards_11539590.pdf
Link between Research Questions and Methods  (Note to instructor: develop examples; consider design issues)
Course Calendar (NOTE  calendar under revisions, do not look beyond Session 1)
Session  Date  Topic 
1 
1/24 
1. Syllabus 2. Research Project 3. Review of basics of educational research Reading assignments can be found in the links above for the supplemental Gall, Gall, and Borg text. For the de Vaus text, read chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 13 (section on levels of measurement), 14 (section on graphs), and 15 (sections on ttest and correlation) to cover the material listed above. 4. Literature Searches  brief review using Google Scholar and GALILEO (search for reading interest measure; also add literature review writing, list vs. integration, early vs. late citations, transitions). 5. Questionnaire Development  Discussion of Activity 2: Instrument Construction Steps (read: de Vaus chapters 4, 7, 8, 11; Menon 2001; Ragheb & Beard 1982; Holmbeck & Devine 2009)
6. SPSS Introduction (Spring 2011  partially completed Questionnaire Development Activity 2 discussion; limited review of basics to variables, hypotheses, LR)

2 
1/31 
1. Review Activity 1 Assignment 2. Questionnaire Development continued (read: de Vaus chapters 4, 7, 8, 11; Menon 2001; Ragheb & Beard 1982; Holmbeck & Devine 2009)
3. Review of Descriptive Statistics and Inferential Statistics (read: de Vaus chapter 13; Descriptive Statistics and Graphical Displays; Inferential Statistics)
(Spring 2011  completed through descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Resume chat 3 with ttest review.)

3 
2/7 
1. Inclass Questionnaire for Example Analysis: http://tinyurl.com/5wcuv3n (private link to raw data here: http://tinyurl.com/4wb6unu ) 2. Questions on Activity 1  Brief review of questionnaire item wording and development; guidelines to questionnaire construction (practical tips)
3. Review of independent and correlated samples ttest (read: de Vaus chapter 15)
4. Review of Pearson's Correlation (read: de Vaus chapter 14)
5. Reliability (de Vaus chapter 11; pp 5253; pp. 180186; review "Scaling Checklist" p. 195; William Gabrenya's Reliability) (a) Stability with testretest (scores must be correlated, and means should be similar; correlation and correlated samples ttest)
(b) Equivalent forms, brief overview (c) Internal Consistency with Cronbach's alpha
(d) Scorerrater; interjudge agreement  See discussion below with coding openended responses (Spring 2011  covered briefly tips on questionnaire construction, independent samples ttest, correlation, Cronbach's alpha)

4 
2/14 
1. First draft questionnaire you plan to use for the Research Study is due (fall 09, took about 2.5 hours to review 4 questionnaires).
2. Sample size determination (de Vaus chapter 6; Cohen 1992)
(Spring 2011: Reviewed questionnaires, covered samples size for yes/no, group comparisons, correlations)

5 
2/21 
1. Note to students: Send revised group research project questionnaire to instructor for final review. 2. Work through internal consistency exercise: http://www.bwgriffin.com/gsu/courses/edur9131/content/cronbachs_alpha_exercise_data.sav 3. Correlated samples ttest (read: de Vaus chapter 15)
4. Reliability: Testretest
5. Coding openended questionnaire responses (conceptual analysis discussed here; see Palmquist 2008 for relational analysis example). Read de Vaus chapter 9, and the following works by Le Compte, Palmquist, Glenn, and Tobacco Control:
6. Begin Regression, see de Vaus' text pp 280288 Other readings from my course notes in EDUR 8131 (introductory statistics): SPSS Regression Videos
(Spring 2011: Covered all above except correlated ttest, started simple regression)

6 
2/28 
1. Resume Regression
2. Review sample size determination for regression; see Cohen 1992
3. Validity  Providing Evidence (read de Vaus chapter 4) Summary notes: http://www.bwgriffin.com/gsu/courses/edur9131/content/Validity_According_to_Standards.pdf Read the following articles:
Illustrative Examples of Validity Evidence  for each, in what ways is validity evidenced?
4. Factor Analysis (read de Vaus chapter 11) Notes on Factor Analysis
Additional Readings
Reporting Factor Analysis
(Spring 2011: through regression sample size )

7  3/7 
1. Resume material from chat session 6 2. Illustrate group project analysis steps from data collection to final regression analysis Note to instructor:

Ignore notes below:
5. Reading Research Reports  ttests and ANOVA
From "Instrument Construction Steps" activity: Conley, D. T., & Goldman, P. (1995). Reactions from the field to state restructuring legislation. Educational Administration Quarterly, 31, 512538.
Note  Links to possible Reading Research report tables
http://coe.georgiasouthern.edu/foundations/bwgriffin/edur7130/RR_JER_rating_and_learning.pdf
http://coe.georgiasouthern.edu/foundations/bwgriffin/edur7130/RR_backgroundmusic.pdf
http://coe.georgiasouthern.edu/foundations/bwgriffin/edur9131/infantmentalhealthjournal.pdf
http://coe.georgiasouthern.edu/foundations/bwgriffin/edur9131/infantandchilddeveopment.pdf
http://coe.georgiasouthern.edu/foundations/bwgriffin/edur9131/journalofchildneurology.pdf
http://coe.georgiasouthern.edu/foundations/bwgriffin/edur9131/journalofsocialpsychology.pdf
http://coe.georgiasouthern.edu/foundations/bwgriffin/edur9131/ceprittschofgriffin.pdf
In this course we will hold group discussions once a week (twice a week during summer terms). The chat session schedule is listed above in the calendar. Group discussions will be held using GeorgiaView Wimba. If you have difficulty accessing Wimba, contact GeorgiaView support. Contact information can be found in the link below:
http://academics.georgiasouthern.edu/col/gaview/students/index.php
To access EDUR 8131 GeorgiaView page, follow the link below:
https://my.georgiasouthern.edu/
Office Information
Hours
By chance or appointment. It is best
to contact me by email to make an appointment.
EMail
Use GeorgiaView to contact me. If GeorgiaView is not working, my regular email address is bwgriffin@GeorgiaSouthern.edu, but please use GeorgiaView for courserelated communications.
Telephone Number
Office
(Room 2128 College of Education Building): 9124780488
Department of Curriculum, Foundations, and Research: 9124785091
Mail
Department of Curriculum,
Foundations, and Reading
P.O. Box 8144
College of Education
Georgia Southern University
Statesboro, GA 30460
Course
Description
The
purpose of this course is for doctorallevel students to gain a firm foundation
in educational research prior to the start of their dissertation
experience. Students will engage in an applied research project that updates
their understanding of research procedures (e.g., hypothesis generation,
sampling theory, instrument construction, measurement concepts, and descriptive
and inferential statistics). Emphasis is on the “handson” application of
advanced inquiry skills.
Class
Materials
Required:
(a) de Vaus, D. A. (2002). Surveys in Social Research (5^{th} ed., and 4th or 3rd editions acceptable). Taylor & Francis.
Other student options and pricing for SPSS/PASW can be found here:
http://www.spss.com/vertical_markets/education/online.htm
(c) EDUR 9131 Course Notes, which are available online at:
http://www.bwgriffin.com/gsu/courses/edur9131
Supplemental:
(d) Gall, M. D., Borg, W. R., & Gall, J. P. (1996 or later). Educational
Research: An Introduction (6th, 7th, or 8th ed.). White Plains,
NY: Longman.
Course grades will be based upon the following items and weights:
Attendance
You may come and go as you please. If you miss a chat/class session, there is no need to provide an excuse.
Academic Dishonesty
Students are expected to abide by the GSU student conduct code and
regulations regarding academic integrity. Academic misconduct such as cheating
and plagiarism will be reported to the Office of Judicial Affairs and
appropriate penalties imposed, such as a grade of zero on the targeted
activity. See information on student conduct in the relevant student
handbook for details
Withdrawing from Class
The university sets a specific date in which you may withdraw from a course
without an academic penalty. In this course, however, you may withdraw without
an academic penalty (i.e., you will received a WP) until the last day of regular
class (this excludes exam week), no questions asked, no matter what your current
performance. My policy of assigning WPs is contingent upon the approval of my
departmental chair and COE Dean (i.e., a WP is not guaranteed).
Course
Calendar (will be revised as semester progresses)
Listed
on index page (
http://www.bwgriffin.com/gsu/courses/edur9131 ).
Note that the Course Calendar may be
updated frequently. See index page for revisions.
Class projects and IRB:
Read the following to ensure your
miniresearch project meets IRB guidelines
How This Course Supports the College’s Conceptual Framework
The College of Education’s conceptual framework advances the theme of reflective educators for diverse learners. In this course information will be learned that should make each student a more knowledgeable consumer of educational research. With this knowledge you will be better able to critically evaluate current and recommended practices when analyzed empirically.
*** Miscellaneous notes  ignore material listed below ***
Instructor note: Add links to online statistical programs, e.g.,
http://home.ubalt.edu/ntsbarsh/Businessstat/otherapplets/SampleSize.htm#rmenu
http://www.statlets.com/_vti_bin/shtml.dll/log_in.htm
http://gsociology.icaap.org/methods/resrch.htm (Online Research Publications)
Copyright © 2005, Bryan W. Griffin
Last revised on 18 February, 2015 01:26 PM