Advanced Educational Research
Likert Step Descriptions for Five Steps
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The typical Likert scaled item uses the descriptions Strongly Disagree to Strongly Agree, as illustrated below.
|Strongly Disagree||Disagree||Neither Agree nor Disagree/Undecided||Agree||Strongly Agree|
The middle category, neither agree nor disagree/undecided, is sometimes believed to be problematic since it does not appear to fit the scale. Other options for labeling the middle category include:
"a bit of both"
"need more information"
In addition, some argue that a 7-step scale provides more reliability, and research indicates this to be true. One easy method for extending the 5 point scale to 7 points is to anchor each end with "very." For example, "Very strongly disagree" and "Very strongly agree."
An option is to have only three descriptors, such as:
|Very Poor||Average||Very Good|
Below are a number of step descriptors for a five-step item.
|Very Poor||Poor||Moderate||Good||Very Good|
|Very Easy||Easy||Medium||Hard||Very Hard|
|0 - 10% of the time||10-40%||40-60%||60-90%||90-100%|
|Rarely or Never||Infrequently||Occasionally||Frequently||Very Frequently/Almost Always [or Most or All of the Time]|
|Not At All||To a Small Degree||To a Moderate Degree||To a Considerable Degree||To a Great Degree|
|Not at all Satisfied||A Little Satisfied||Moderately Satisfied||Satisfied||Very Satisfied|
|Not at all Helpful||A Little Helpful||Somewhat Helpful||Very Helpful||Extremely Helpful|
|once a term or less||about once a month||about every week||most lessons||every lesson|
|all the time||most of the time||often||occasionally||never|
|Completey dissatisfied||Somewhat dissatisfied||Moderately Satisfied||Satisfied||Completely satisfied|
|disfavor||tend to disfavor||neither favor nor disfavor||tend to favor||favor|
|insufficient||somewhat insufficient||neither insufficient nor sufficient||somewhat sufficient||sufficient|
|much more||more||about the same||less||much less|
|Seldom 0-25%||Sometimes 25-50%||Often 50-75%||Most of the time 75-100%|
Copyright © 1999, Bryan W. Griffin
Last revised on 20 May, 2007 08:58 PM