EDUR 9131
Advanced Educational Research

Group Topic Assignment

Topics for the Research Project follow for each group.

Each group is to develop a questionnaire for the topic assigned. As noted in the Research Project instructions, each group will conduct a literature review, develop methods for collecting relevant data, construct an instrument and field test it, collect and analyze data.  

When developing the questionnaire, note that it should have items that are original or somewhat original (you cannot simply use existing wording or instruments). To help each group get started, I have provided citations below. At this point you should read the articles listed and try to find others on the variables I have provided. Use these citations, and others you find, as guiding work to help develop your instrument. Each citation provided can be obtained from (check GSU library to get this semester's password). 

Since the sample for these projects will consist only of students enrolled in this course, keep in mind the diverse background of each student when developing items for your questionnaire. More general items will be best; specific items, such as those that reference a particular type of employment, for example high school administrator, may not work for all students enrolled in this course.


Group 1: Natalie Higley, Katina Hardy, and Stascia Hardy

DV = Course Satisfaction (or Instructional Evaluation) -- course satisfaction is the degree to which students view instruction and/or course positively. If focus instead is on instructional evaluation, questionnaire items should seek participants' evaluation, or rating, on various instructional dimensions such as course organization, instructor feedback, clarity of presentation, etc. (To help focus all participants, instructions should make clear which course should be evaluated -- this course, EDUR 9131, is a possible target, or another course recently completed by everyone in this class.)

To measure how students rate a course, consider this web page and the references found therein: There are many sources to course evaluation questionnaires on-line and in print, so perform an on-line search. 

IV = Student Perceived Competence on Course Content -- degree to which students judge themselves to be competent in a given area, such as with the content of this course. 

This site should provide a strong start:

IV = Perceived Autonomy Support -- degree to which students perceive that the instructor offers some choice, some decision making capacity, to students, or degree to which instructor responds to students thoughts/concerns.

This site should provide a good start:


Group 2: Rebecca Wright

DV = Job Satisfaction -- degree to which an employee is satisfied with their job.

Any research on measuring job satisfaction, or satisfaction in general, will provide insight into development of an instrument to measure job satisfaction. One idea might be to have respondents rate, individually, their satisfaction with various common aspects of any occupation. Other measurement ideas are possible too. Below are two articles focusing upon job satisfaction. Others can be found in GALILEO.

James Fredericks Volkwein and Ying Zhou (2003) Testing a model of administrative job satisfaction, Vol. 44, No. 2

Valle, M., & Witt, L.A. (2001). The moderating effect of teamwork perceptions on the organizational politics-job satisfaction relationship. Journal of Social Psychology, 141, 379-388.

IV = Occupational Stress --- level of stress one encounters from daily job-related activities.

Some examples of research with job-related stress:

IV = Perceived Work-related Autonomy -- discretion an individual has in organizing and scheduling work (to what extent does the individual have choice in making decisions, etc.) 

One example of job autonomy measurement can be found here (search GALILEO for full text copy):

Lonergan, J.M., & Maher, K.J. (2000). The relationship between job characteristics and workplace procrastination as moderated by locus of control. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 15, 213-224.

Also try here:


Group 3: Pamela McKinnon and Leslie Forcina

DV = Organization (Job) Commitment -- degree to which an employee is committed to their job.

Here are a few leads to finding ways to measure this variable:

IV = Task Importance/Significance -- degree to which individual believes the role or task involved in their job is important

One lead to measuring task significance:

IV = Workplace Climate -- degree to which employee judges the workplace to be friendly, helpful, or, for example, hostile.

Search for "workplace climate" in the full-text search of GALILEO. Let me know if you cannot find anything useful. One lead:

James Fredericks Volkwein and Ying Zhou (2003) Testing a model of administrative job satisfaction, Vol. 44, No. 2


Group 4: Brenda Edenfield and Jim Pulos

DV = EdD Program Satisfaction -- degree to which doctoral students are satisfied with the EdD program here at GSU.

See comments provided above for Group 2.

IV = Autonomy Supportiveness of Program Faculty -- degree to which students judge program faculty to provide support; opposite of faculty controlling behavior.

Examples of autonomy support in research can be found here (note references to self-determination theory):

Gagne, M. (2003). The Role of Autonomy Support and Autonomy Orientation in Prosocial Behavior Engagement. Motivation and Emotion, Vol. 27, No. 3, 199-223. Linked article here:

Williams, G., Freedman, Z., & Deci, E. (1998). Supporting autonomy to motivate partients with diabetes for glucose control. Diabetes Care, 21, 1644 - 1651. Linked article here:

IV = Level of preparation for successful dissertation completion -- to what extent do you believe this EdD program is preparing you for successful completion?

Several possibilities exist for constructing this set of items. Items could focus on aspects of program preparation with a rating scale, for example, of poor to well done or perhaps rating of frequency of activity (very infrequent to very frequent); or items could focus on students' self-assessments of their level of preparation, as a result of the EdD program, for successful dissertation completion. Other possibilities also exist, for example, could focus this variable instead on overall rating of teacher/faculty effectiveness in teaching course material, or perhaps rating whether courses as a whole appear to prepare students for dissertation work.


Group 5: Ella Green, Oatanisha Dawson, and Lisa Blyler-Linton

DV = General Happiness with Life -- general, overall feelings or thoughts regarding one's level of happiness with life as a whole. Some examples of possible measures/studies:

Michael W. Fordyce; A review of research on the happiness measures: A sixty second index of happiness and mental health; Social Indicators Research; Volume 20, Number 4 / August, 1988; 355-381

Sonja Lyubomirsky and Heidi S. Lepper; A Measure of Subjective Happiness: Preliminary Reliability and Construct Validation; Social Indicators Research; Volume 46, Number 2 / February, 1999; 137-155

Pavot, W. G., Diener, E., Colvin, C. R., & Sandvik, E. (1991). Further validation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale: Evidence for the cross-method convergence of well-being measures. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57, 149-161.

IV = Religiosity -- to what extent does an individual consider themselves religious? Create an overall measure of one's religiosity--this measure should not focus on any one religion in general, but should highlight spiritual-religious expression. Some examples of studies that include religiosity are:

    "The Dimensions of Religiosity: A Conceptual Model with an Empirical Test" Marie Cornwall, Stan L. Albrecht, Perry H. Cunningham and Brian L. Pitcher;  Review of Religious Research, Vol. 27, No. 3 (Mar., 1986), pp. 226-244  

    "Religiosity and its association with happiness, purpose in life, and self-actualisation." Sarah French; Stephen Joseph; Mental Health, Religion & Culture, Volume 2, Issue 2 November 1999 , pages 117 - 120

    Jose Orathinkal and Alfons Vansteenwegen. Religiosity and Marital Satisfaction; Contemporary Family Therapy, Volume 28, Number 4 / December, 2006; Pages 497

IV = General Physical Health -- an individual's assessment of their general physical health. Some possible leads to creating this measure include:

BMC Public Health. 2006; 6: 101; Published online 2006 April 21; Do teachers have more health problems? Results from a French cross-sectional survey; Viviane Kovess-Masf?y,corresponding author1 Christine Sevilla-Dedieu,1 Carmen Rios-Seidel,1 El?a Nerri?e,1 and Christine Chan Chee1, link below:

 Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2006; 4: 10; Published online 2006 February 21. Using individual growth model to analyze the change in quality of life from adolescence to adulthood; Henian Chen and Patricia Cohen; link here:

BMC Public Health. 2008; 8: 48; Published online 2008 February 6.; Working conditions, self-perceived stress, anxiety, depression and quality of life: A structural equation modelling approach; Bin Nordin Rusli, Bin Abdin Edimansyah, and Lin Naing; link here:


Copyright 2005, Bryan W. Griffin

Last revised on 31 January, 2011 05:01 PM